With the increasing number of pharmaceutical products, the market is flooded with medications relieving people with all kinds of short term as well as acute pains. To a layman, all painkillers might appear similar, but they are not. The effect might be similar but even pain relievers have different compositions, mode of action and the resulting side effects.
Two of the widely used pain relievers are Soma and Tramadol. Have a look at some of the key differences between them.
Soma is, primarily a centrally acting muscle relaxant that relieves discomfort due to acute musculoskeletal pains while Tramadol is for relieving all kinds of moderate to severe pains.
- Mechanism of action
Surprisingly, the mode of action of Soma (Carisoprodol) has yet not been established. But studies suspect it to be associated with suppression of neuronal activity by blocking the pain signals and offering sedative effect thereby providing pain relief rapidly. The metabolite named Meprobamate, formed in the metabolism of Carisoprodol in the liver is suspected to cause this effect.The drug belongs to class carbamate and is known to produce effects associated with barbiturate receptor ligands.
Tramadol works by binding to mu-opiod receptors, which act as an agonist for some and antagonist for others. Its pain relieving effect is due to blockade of norepinephrine and serotonin reuptake in the Central Nervous System that inhibits transmission of pain in the spinal cord.
- Side effects
When it comes to side effects of Carisoprodol, not many have reported severe side effects, but moderate ones such as drowsiness, euphoria and dysphoria may occur. But extreme weakness, dizziness, ataxia, loss of vision (temporary), confusion or disorientation has been a matter of complaint amongst many of the consumers within the first few hours of Soma administration. Further, cross reactions with the active metabolite of Carisoprodol : meprobamate may cause adverse allergic reactions such as skin rashes, eosinophilia, pruritus and erythema multiforme.
Allergic reactions to Tramadol such as hives, swelling over face, lips, throat, or tongue and difficulty in breathing are common. Severe ones such as fever, blister formation as well as red or purple rashes on the skin may also occur. Serotonin syndrome has also been reported by many, the symptoms of which include agitation, fever, sweating and shivering, increased heart rate, loss of coordination and muscle stiffness.
Other side effects such as weakness, nausea, vomiting and so on are similar to that of Carsoprodol.
Soma dose is available in tablet forms of 250mg and 350 mg. For relieving from acute pain, the usual recommended dose is 250-350mg three times a day and before meals for 2-3 weeks.
While the Tramadol dose is comparatively more potent as the required dose is 50-100 mg every 4-6 hours as long as required.
Which one to choose either Tramadol or Soma?
Well, that decision should be left on healthcare providers only since they are the people who know which drug would be the best for which medical condition. Both of the drugs are available on online as well as offline pharmacies, may be without prescription too, but risking health after knowing the side effects too isn’t a smart choice.